A Travellerspoint blog

May 2019

Lutherstadt Wittenberg.

The Birthplace of Protestantism.

sunny

"Wittenberg"

We stopped off in Wittenberg when we were travelling from Leipzig to Berlin. Unfortunately we had not realised the Wittenberg Altstadt Station would be so small, so there was nowhere to leave our luggage, therefore we just wheeled it the short distance to the centre of town. We took turns at exploring and guarding the luggage. We bumped into references to Luther in Erfurt and Leipzig but this really was his town. Wittenberg, also known as Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Saxony­ Anhalt. It is located on the River Elbe and has a population of about 50,000.

Wittenberg is closely associated with Martin Luther and the beginnings of the Protestant Reformation. On the 31st of October 1517, Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses against the selling of indulgences on the door of the Castle Church here. This marked the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Wittenberg's old town is small. It has statues of Martin Luther and Phillip Melanchthon, another Protestant reformer, churches, Luther's house, Melanchthon's house, a park and a university.

The Market Place.

We spent a long time sitting here as one of us had to watch the luggage while the other explored and vice versa. Fortunately, it is a rather lovely spot. Wittenberg's townhall which dates from 1540 is located here and there are statues of Martin Luther and Phillip Melanchthon, another Protestant reformer and associate of Luther. Wittenberg's old market square has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.

The Market Square. - Wittenberg

The Market Square. - Wittenberg

Guarding that luggage. - Wittenberg

Guarding that luggage. - Wittenberg

Martin Luther statue and town hall. - Wittenberg

Martin Luther statue and town hall. - Wittenberg

Phillip Melanchthon statue. - Wittenberg

Phillip Melanchthon statue. - Wittenberg

The Parish Church of St Mary.

The Parish Church of St. Mary is the oldest building in Wittenberg. It was built between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries. Martin Luther frequently preached here. The church is visible from the market place. It is beautiful inside. Address: Kirchplatz, 06886 Lutherstadt Wittenberg.

The Parish Church of St. Mary - Wittenberg

The Parish Church of St. Mary - Wittenberg

The Parish Church of St. Mary - Wittenberg

The Parish Church of St. Mary - Wittenberg

The Parish Church of St. Mary - Wittenberg

The Parish Church of St. Mary - Wittenberg

Inside the church - Wittenberg

Inside the church - Wittenberg

The Castle Church.

This should have been beautiful but was a building site when we visited, so a bit of a disappointment really. The Castle Church or Schlosskirche was built in 1500. In 1517 Martin Luther nailed his famous Theses to the church's original wooden doors. These doors were sadly destroyed during the Seven Years War. They have been replaced by bronze doors which were installed in 1858. The bronze doors have Luther's original Latin theses inscribed on them. The tombs of Luther and Melanchthon are located inside the church. We could not go in due to the renovation. Address: Wilhelm­Weber­Straße 1a, 06886 Lutherstadt Wittenberg.

Castle Church - Wittenberg

Castle Church - Wittenberg

Castle Church. - Wittenberg

Castle Church. - Wittenberg

The doors with the theses on them. - Wittenberg

The doors with the theses on them. - Wittenberg

The Martin Luther University.

Most of the Martin Luther University is actually located in Halle, but the Leucorea Foundation in Wittenberg serves as the Martin Luther University’s convention centre for seminars and academic and political conferences. It was quite an attractive building which I noticed on my way to Martin Luther's house.

Detail of entrance. - Wittenberg

Detail of entrance. - Wittenberg

The university - Wittenberg

The university - Wittenberg

Entrance. - Wittenberg

Entrance. - Wittenberg

The Melanchthon House

The Melanchthon house was built in 1536. Humanist and reformer Philipp Melanchthon, an associate of Martin Luther, lived and worked in this house until his death. There is a permanent exhibition here about Melanchthon's life and work. The Melanchthon house is on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Admission is 4 Euros.

The Melanchthon house. - Wittenberg

The Melanchthon house. - Wittenberg

The Lutherhaus.

Martin Luther lived in the building now known as Lutherhaus from 1508 to 1546. The house was built in 1504 as an Augustinian Monastery. It was altered between 1844 and 1900 when it was converted into a museum dedicated to the Reformation. Martin Luther's writings and some of his personal belongings are on display here. Address: Collegienstraße 54, 06886 Lutherstadt Wittenberg.

The Lutherhaus. - Wittenberg

The Lutherhaus. - Wittenberg

Posted by irenevt 05:11 Archived in Germany Comments (2)

Delightful Dresden - The Florence of Germany.

all seasons in one day

View over the old town of Dresden. - Dresden

View over the old town of Dresden. - Dresden

"Delightful Dresden."

I have wanted to visit Dresden for a very long time and finally made it there in July 2016. Dresden is the capital city of the Free State of Saxony. It is situated in a valley on the River Elbe. Dresden is a stunningly beautiful city and owes its wealth of architecture to its long history as the capital and royal residence of the Kings of Saxony.

Fountain in Dresden. - Dresden

Fountain in Dresden. - Dresden

Dresden is such a beautiful place now that it is hard to believe it has such a sad history. It would have been a horrific place during World War II. During the Nazi era, the Jewish community of Dresden was reduced from over 6,000 to just 41. During the final months of the Second World War, Dresden was bombed by the Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces. The inner city of Dresden was largely destroyed. Casualties numbered between 18,000 and 25,000. After the Second World War, Dresden became part of the German Democratic Republic. Some important historic buildings were rebuilt, such as the Semper Opera House and the Zwinger Palace. Other areas of the city were reconstructed in a modern style. After the reunification of Germany in the early 1990s more restoration work was carried out . The Dresden Frauenkirche was completed in 2005.

Delightful Dresden. - Dresden

Delightful Dresden. - Dresden

We stayed a bit outside the centre of Dresden in the Cotta area. Our hotel was located on the banks of the Elbe River. We wandered around the historical part of Dresden on one side of the River Elbe before crossing over to visit some sites on the other side. We also visited the Yenidze cigarette factory and The Großer Garten .

Street entertainment. - Dresden

Street entertainment. - Dresden

A review of our hotel can be found below.

Mercure Hotel Dresden Elbpromenade: Pleasant Hotel Away From City Centre.

We arrived at the hotel by train. There is a train station very close to it and we thought we would use trains to get to the centre of Dresden. We were surprised they only ran once an hour. This was not really a problem as we got to the centre by tram which was much more frequent. Check in was quick and efficient. Our room was clean and comfortable. It was quiet at night. It had a fridge and tea/ coffee making facilities. There is a large supermarket round the corner from the hotel. I think it was an Edeka, there was also a Lidl. The hotel provides free wifi. The hotel is located on the banks of the Elbe River. It is quite pleasant to take a stroll along the river walkway.

Mercure Dresden Elbpromenade. - Dresden

Mercure Dresden Elbpromenade. - Dresden

Walking along the Elbe River in Cotta.

Our hotel was outside the city centre in Dresden's Cotta area. On our first day, as we arrived quite late, we just went for a walk along the Elbe Promenade here rather than going into the centre. It was a beautiful sunny day and the river scenery was lovely. We were surprised there were no seats from which to sit and enjoy the view though.

The River Elbe. - Dresden

The River Elbe. - Dresden

The River Elbe. - Dresden

The River Elbe. - Dresden

The River Elbe. - Dresden

The River Elbe. - Dresden

Next day we went into the centre and visited the sights listed below. It started out cloudy, but finished off raining.

The Zwinger Palace.

The first site we went to in the centre of Dresden was the beautiful Zwinger Palace. The Zwinger Palace is built in Rococo style and was designed by court architect Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann. The Zwinger was originally an open-­sided area where cannons were kept at the ready. It later became enclosed when the Semper Gallery was built on its northern side by Gottfried Semper. Today, the Zwinger is a museum complex that houses the Old Masters Picture Gallery, the Dresden Porcelain Collection and the Royal Cabinet of Mathematical and Physical Instruments.

The Zwinger Palace. - Dresden

The Zwinger Palace. - Dresden

The Zwinger Palace. - Dresden

The Zwinger Palace. - Dresden

The Zwinger Palace. - Dresden

The Zwinger Palace. - Dresden

Theatreplatz.

When we left the Zwinger we found ourselves on a beautiful square known as Theatreplatz. This is home to several important historical buildings such as the Semper Opera House and the Hofkirche. Right in the centre of the square there is a statue of King John. The Semper Opera House was originally known as the Hoftheater, hence the name of the square. The original opera house was built in the seventeenth century. Then in 1838 Gottfried Semper began building a new theater in neo-­Renaissance style. Unfortunately, in 1869 a fire destroyed the building. Semper's son, Manfred, constructed a new building in High Renaissance style. The Semper Opera House was destroyed again in February 1945 when Dresden was heavily bombed at the end of World War II. The building was reconstructed forty years later and finally reopened in February 1985. The Hofkirche was built by Saxon ruler Augustus III between 1738 and 1751 in high Baroque style. It is a Catholic church and its name means Church of the Court. The church was destroyed in the allied bombing of Dresden in 1945. Reconstruction started in 1979. At the center of the Theaterplatz stands a large statue of King John sitting on his horse. This was designed by Johannes Schilling and was erected here in 1889. King John ruled Saxony from 1854 until 1873.

The Semper Opera House. - Dresden

The Semper Opera House. - Dresden

The Semper Opera House. - Dresden

The Semper Opera House. - Dresden

The Hofkirche - Dresden

The Hofkirche - Dresden

Equestrian statue of King John. - Dresden

Equestrian statue of King John. - Dresden

The Residenzschloss - ­Royal Palace.

The Residenzschloss is the Royal Palace. This was the seat of government of Saxon rulers, the Wettin family. A fort was built at this site in the thirteenth century. In the early fifteenth century the Hausmann Tower was added to the fort. In 1530 George the Bearded commissioned the construction of the Georgenbau as the residence of the Wettin Family. During the latter half of the sixteenth century the Royal Stables and the Langer Gang were built. The palace was expanded for the final time between 1889 and 1901. The Royal Palace was destroyed in 1945 and for more than forty years the building stood in ruins. Reconstruction of the Residenzschloss started in 1985 and was mostly completed by 2006. The Georgentor is the entrance gate to the central section of the palace. To the right of the Georgentor is a large inner courtyard, known as the Great Court. Its walls are decorated with sgraffito. At the centre of the north wing stands the Haussman Tower which has a viewing platform. On the other side of the Georgentor is a large courtyard which in the past was used to stage jousting tournaments. To the north of the courtyard is the Langer Gang or long corridor which leads to the Johanneum, the former royal stables. These are now the Transport Museum.

The Langer Gang. - Dresden

The Langer Gang. - Dresden

The Langer Gang. - Dresden

The Langer Gang. - Dresden

The Langer Gang. - Dresden

The Langer Gang. - Dresden

The Residenzschloss. - Dresden

The Residenzschloss. - Dresden

The Residenzschloss. - Dresden

The Residenzschloss. - Dresden

Lion guards. - Dresden

Lion guards. - Dresden

Golden doors. - Dresden

Golden doors. - Dresden

Fürstenzug: ­ Procession of Princes.

I am fortunate enough to travel a lot and I have been to many incredibly beautiful places, but the Procession of Princes literally took my breath away. I cannot remember when I was last so impressed.The Procession of Princes is on Augustusstraße, at the back of the Langer Gang. It is a 334ft long mural depicting a parade of rulers of the House of Wettin. 93 people are portrayed on the mural: 35 noblemen on horseback, many foot soldiers and various people accompanying them. The leader of the procession is Konrad the Great, who ruled from 1127 to 1156. The procession ends with Friedrich August III, Saxony's last king, who ruled between 1904 and 1918. The Procession of Princes was originally painted by artist Wilhelm Walther to celebrate the 800­th year anniversary of the Wettin Dynasty. Over time this painting began to deteriorate. To make it weather proof, the sgraffito decoration was replaced between 1906 and 1907 by 25,000 Meissen ceramic tiles . The tiles miraculously survived the bombings ofFebruary 1945.

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Procession of Princes. - Dresden

The Brühl Terrace: Brühlsche Terrasse. ­

The Brühl Terrace is a terraced promenade with views over the Elbe River. The terrace was originally built as ramparts to protect the city. Between 1739 and 1748 Count Henrich von Brühl, after whom the terrace is named, transformed it into a garden for his palace. In 1814 the gardens were opened to the public. Goethe called the terrace the 'Balcony of Europe'.

The Brühl Terrace - Dresden

The Brühl Terrace - Dresden

The Brühl Terrace - Dresden

The Brühl Terrace - Dresden

The Brühl Terrace. - Dresden

The Brühl Terrace. - Dresden

The Frauenkirche :­ Church of Our Lady.

The Frauenkirche or the Church of Our Lady is a Lutheran church with one of the largest domes in Europe. The Frauenkirche was originally built in the eighteenth century, but was destroyed in the bombing of Dresden during World War II. Its ruins stood for fifty years as a war memorial. The church was rebuilt after the reunification of Germany. Rebuilding work began in 1994 and was completed in 2004. This is a beautiful church both inside and out. Its surrounding area is also very beautiful. A statue of Martin Luther stands in the square outside it.

The Frauenkirche. - Dresden

The Frauenkirche. - Dresden

The Frauenkirche. - Dresden

The Frauenkirche. - Dresden

The New Town Hall.

The New Town Hall, is a huge building with a 98 metre ­tall Baroque tower. It was built between 1905 and 1910 by Karl Roth. It replaced the Old Town Hall which had become too small for the city. The New Town Hall was severely damaged in World War II but was rebuilt between 1948 and 1952. In front of the New Town Hall stand two bronze lions and the bronze sculpture 'Bacchus on a Donkey' by Georg Wrba. The copper dome of the New baroque tower has a statue known as the 'Golden Man'. This is a five meter high statue of Hercules by Richard Guhr.

The New Town Hall. - Dresden

The New Town Hall. - Dresden

Bacchus on a donkey. - Dresden

Bacchus on a donkey. - Dresden

Crossing the Elbe River.

It is worth crossing the Elbe River just to see the magnificent view over the old town of Dresden from the other side. In addition to the views back there are also some worthwhile sights on this side of the river, too.

Views over the Elbe River. - Dresden

Views over the Elbe River. - Dresden

Views over the Elbe River. - Dresden

Views over the Elbe River. - Dresden

The Golden Rider.

My favourite sight on the other side of the Elbe was the Golden Rider statue. The Golden Rider is an equestrian statue of Augustus the Strong. It was commissioned by Augustus III in memory of his father and was designed by the French court sculptor Jean Joseph Vinanche. It was cast in 1734 by Ludwig Wiedemann. This statue was hidden and dismantled during the war so survived unscathed.

The Golden Rider. - Dresden

The Golden Rider. - Dresden

Yenidze.

Yenidze is not in the old town. We passed it on our tram on the way into the centre and went to visit it later. Yenidze is a former cigarette factory building. It was built between 1907 and 1909 by the architect Martin Hammitzsch. The Yenidze Cigarette Factory was set up by Jewish entrepreneur Hugo Zietz. He called it Yenidze as that was the name of the place he imported tobacco from. The building has an Oriental style of architecture with its chimneys resembling minarets. It is sometimes nicknamed the tobocco mosque. Yenidze was restored in 1996 and is now an office building.

Yenidze. - Dresden

Yenidze. - Dresden

Yenidze. - Dresden

Yenidze. - Dresden

We had a lovely meal near our hotel in Dresden.

Il Nonno: "Excellent Meal."

We went here because it was right next to our hotel ­ the Mercure Dresden Elbpromenade. We sat outside, unfortunately it is on quite a busy road, but back a bit, so it is not too bad. We both had pizza. I had ham and mushroom; my husband had four cheeses. The pizzas were huge thin based pizzas and really delicious. We had to take some away with us as it was so filling. The beer here was good, too. A very enjoyable meal. Address:Hamburger Strasse 74, Dresden.

Great pizzas. - Dresden

Great pizzas. - Dresden

Posted by irenevt 04:15 Archived in Germany Comments (2)

Berlin - A City with a Haunted Past.

sunny

Detail from the Bismarck statue. - Berlin

Detail from the Bismarck statue. - Berlin

"Berlin."

This was our second visit to Berlin; our previous one was shortly after the Berlin Wall came down. I would have liked to have seen it before and after the wall, just out of curiosity and for comparison purposes. Berlin is a city that brings out mixed feelings in me. I found it interesting on our first visit, but not all that attractive and remember feeling I'd have rather stayed longer in the beautiful Austrian town we had lived in prior to our visit. On our second visit I found myself frustrated by the amount of building work going on and the fact that so much of the city was a mess. However, I also found parts of it fascinating and an absolute joy to visit. As a result of my mixed feelings about this city, I have decided only to write tips about the parts I enjoyed and to ignore the parts I found disappointing. On our visit I liked the tier garten, the reichstag, the Brandenburg Gate, the monuments commemorating the victims of the Second World War, the war memorial, the cathedral, Treptower Park, Checkpoint Charlie, Templehof Airport, the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church and the remains of the Berlin Wall.

Church in Berlin. - Berlin

Church in Berlin. - Berlin

Berlin has had a long and tragic history. It was the capital of Nazi Germany in the Second World War. It was a divided city when Germany was a divided country. These events have left deep scars, but the sadness of its past also makes it intriguing. Berlin is now the capital of Germany with a population of approximately 3.6 million. Berlin is located in northeastern Germany on the banks of the Rivers Spree and Have. Berlin has been the capital of many different states and kingdoms such as: Brandenburg from 1417 to1701, the Kingdom of Prussia from 1701 to 1918, the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, the Weimar Republic from 1919 to 1933 and the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945.

The Neptune Fountain. - Berlin

The Neptune Fountain. - Berlin

This is the hotel we stayed in in Berlin.

"Lovely Hotel" : Wyndham Garden Berlin Mitte.

The Wyndam Garden Berlin Mitte is a lovely hotel. It is accessible from three different train stations with a bit of a walk or a tram ride from each.We walked to it initially from Gesundbrunnen S­bahn. To travel around Berlin, we generally went to the closer Osloer Strasse u-­bahn. It's an easy walk from there, but you can also take the tram. Check in was pleasant and friendly. I was surprised they gave us only 3 days wifi coverage on check-­in when we were staying for four nights. However, it turns out you just go back and get another three days worth when it runs out. Our room was very clean and comfortable. It was also very quiet and we slept well here. Our deal did not include breakfast. We ate in the hotel bar twice which did drinks and snacks. The hotel restaurant was quite expensive. The bar was reasonable. There were restaurants nearby, especially Turkish ones, and a Lidl supermarket round the corner. Our room had a safe and tea/coffee making facilities. I would happily stay here again. Address: Osloer Strasse 116a, Berlin, 13359, Germany.

Our room. - Berlin

Our room. - Berlin

These are some of the sights we enjoyed in Berlin.

Victory Column: Siegessaeule.

We took a train to go to the tiergarten and got off near the Victory Column. This is an attractive monument with lots of different statues around it. The Victory Column was designed by Heinrich Strack to commemorate the Prussian victory in the Danish­ Prussian War. The bronze sculpture of Victoria on top was designed by Friedrich Drake.

The Victory Column - Berlin

The Victory Column - Berlin

Victory. - Berlin

Victory. - Berlin

Bellevue Palace.

Prior to wandering around the tiergarten we decided to look at the Schloss Bellevue. We tried to follow the tiergarten map, but kept getting lost, then we met other lost people looking for the same sight, then more. All of us were lost, but we joined together till we tracked it down. We had several more similar experiences with that map during our visit. Bellevue Palace has been the official residence of the President of Germany since 1994. It is located on the banks of the Spree River. It was designed by architect Michael Philipp Boumann in 1786.

Bellevue Palace - Berlin

Bellevue Palace - Berlin

The Tiergarten.

We spent a long, long time wandering the Tiergarten. It is beautiful and interesting and has many sights. It also has a map that is extremely hard to follow. Among the parts we liked were the rose garden, the lake and the statue to Queen Louise of Prussia.

The rose garden. - Berlin

The rose garden. - Berlin

The rose garden - Berlin

The rose garden - Berlin

The lake. - Berlin

The lake. - Berlin

Lake in the Tier Garten. - Berlin

Lake in the Tier Garten. - Berlin

Bridge to island. - Berlin

Bridge to island. - Berlin

The Soviet War Memorial.

Shortly before arriving at the Brandenburg Gate, we came across the Soviet war memorial with its statues, tanks and cyrillic writing. This memorial was built in 1945, a few months after the capture of the city.

The Soviet War Memorial

The Soviet War Memorial

The Soviet War Memorial

The Soviet War Memorial

The Reichstag.

After visiting the tiergarten, we went to the Reichstag. This building houses the German Parliament. It first opened in 1894. Later in 1933 it was severely damaged in a fire. The Riechstag fell into disuse after World War II as the parliament of the German Democratic Republic me in the Palast der Republik in East Berlin, while the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany met in the Bundeshaus in Bonn. After German reunification which took place on the 3rd of October 1990, the Reichstag was rebuilt following plans drawn up by architect Norman Foster. Since 1999 the Reichstag has again been the meeting place of the German parliament.

The Reichstag. - Berlin

The Reichstag. - Berlin

The Reichstag. - Berlin

The Reichstag. - Berlin

The Brandenburg Gate.

The Brandenburg Gate is one of, if not the, most famous landmarks in Germany. It stands on the site of a former city gate that used to mark the beginning of the road from Berlin to the town of Brandenburg. This gate was commissioned by King Frederick William II of Prussia and built by architect Carl Gotthard Langhans between 1788 and 1791. The Brandenburg Gate suffered considerable damage in World War II. It was isolated and inaccessible during the post­war Partition of Germany. Between the years 2000 and 2002 the Brandenburg Gate was restored by the Berlin Monument Conservation Foundation. On one side of the gate stands the famous street Unter den Linden which means under the linden trees. I was disappointed with this street as there was just so much construction work taking place on it.

The Brandenburg Tor. - Berlin

The Brandenburg Tor. - Berlin

The Brandenburg Tor. - Berlin

The Brandenburg Tor. - Berlin

Memorials to victims of World War II.

The area between the Brandenburg Gate and the Tiergarten has several poignant memorials to the victims of World War II. The first one of these we visited was The Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism. This monument is dedicated to the memory of around 500,000 people. It was designed by Dani Karavan and was officially opened on the 24th of October 2012 by German Chancellor Angela Merkel. This memorial is a circular pool of water with a triangular stone in its centre. The triangular shape of the stone symbolizes the badges worn by concentration camp prisoners. A fresh flower is placed upon this stone daily. Around the edge of the pool is the poem 'Auschwitz' by Roma poet Santino Spinelli.

Gaunt face
dead eyes
cold lips
quiet
a broken heart
out of breath
without words
no tears

The second memorial we visited was The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, which was designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold. This monument is huge and consists of 2,711 concrete slabs arranged in a grid pattern. I have spoken to people who visited this monument and they all seemed to love it. I found it rather puzzling myself and was not sure what it all meant. The third memorial was The Memorial to Homosexuals persecuted under Nazism. This memorial was designed by artists Michael Elmgreen and Ingar Dragset. It is a concrete cuboid with a window, through which visitors can see a film of two kissing men.

The Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism.  - Berlin

The Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism. - Berlin

The Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism.  - Berlin

The Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism. - Berlin

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. - Berlin

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. - Berlin

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. - Berlin

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. - Berlin

Neue Wache.

The Neue Wache is located on Unter den Linden. I had researched Unter den Linden prior to our visit and was quite excited about walking along it. This excitement proved to be misplaced as at the moment it is a building site. The Neue Wache was the first building on it I actually liked. The Neue Wache means the New Guardhouse. It was originally built as a guardhouse for the troops of the crown prince of Prussia. It dates from 1816 and was designed by architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel . However, it has been used as the "Central Memorial of the Federal Republic of Germany for the Victims of War and Dictatorship" since 1931. It has a hole in its roof known as an oculus. Directly under this is a statue called 'Mother with her Dead Son' by Käthe Kollwitz. It is placed directly under the oculus to be exposed to the rain and snow. This symbolizes the suffering of civilians during war times.

Neue Wache - Berlin

Neue Wache - Berlin

Neue Wache - Berlin

Neue Wache - Berlin

Berlin Cathedral.

The next building that I liked after visiting the Neue Wache was Berlin Cathedral. This is located on Museum Island. It was completed in 1905. There is a garden outside it which is known as the Lustgarten. Many people were sitting around here chatting, sunbathing or resting after sightseeing. We did not go inside the cathedral, but found it very attractive from the outside.

Berlin Cathedral. - Berlin

Berlin Cathedral. - Berlin

Berlin Cathedral. - Berlin

Berlin Cathedral. - Berlin

Berlin Cathedral. - Berlin

Berlin Cathedral. - Berlin

Statues of Karl Marx and Fredriech Engels.

After we had visited the cathedral we crossed the road and continued towards the TV Tower, the next sight we came across was the Marx ­Engels Forum with its statues of Karl Marx and Fredriech Engels. Personally I rather like Soviet style statues and was sorry that so many were destroyed after the fall of the Iron Curtain. I think Hungary had the right idea; it rounded them all up and made them a tourist attraction. Anyway in Berlin Marx and Engels survived somehow.

Statues of Karl Marx and Fredriech Engels. - Berlin

Statues of Karl Marx and Fredriech Engels. - Berlin

The Red Town Hall.

After visiting the Marx Engels Forum, we walked to the Red Townhall. There are several sites here: the Red Town Hall, Saint Mary's Church and the Neptune Fountain. The Red Town Hall is made up of red bricks hence its name. It was built between 1861 and 1869 by Hermann Waesemann, but was heavily damaged in World War II. When Berlin was a divided city, the East Berlin Magistrate held its sessions in the Red Town Hall and the West Berlin senate held its in Schöneberg Town Hall. In 1991 the Red Town Hall became the seat of government of the now reunified Berlin. St. Mary's Church is located on Karl­Liebknecht­Straße. It is believed to date from the early thirteenth century. It is a Lutheran Protestant church. The Neptune Fountain lies between the Red Town Hall and St Mary's Church. It was built in 1891 and was designed by Reinhold Begas. The Roman god Neptune stands in the centre of the fountain. He is surrounded by four women. They represent the four main rivers of Prussia when the fountain was constructed: the Elbe, the Rhine, the Vistula and the Oder. This area, like so much of Berlin, was a building site when we visited.

The Red Town Hall - Berlin

The Red Town Hall - Berlin

St Mary's Church - Berlin

St Mary's Church - Berlin

Alexanderplatz.

Alexanderplatz is known as "Alex" to Berliners. It was a cattle market in the Middle Ages, then a military parade square and exercise ground until the mid nineteenth century. It is named after Alexander I, Tsar of Russia. One million people congregated here on the 4th of November 1989 to demonstrate against the GDR regime just before the fall of the Berlin Wall. Sights on Alexanderplatz include the 365m high TV Tower and the "Brunnen der Völkerfreundschaft" or Fountain of Friendship amongst Peoples.

The TV Tower. - Berlin

The TV Tower. - Berlin

The Fountain of Friendship Amongst Peoples. - Berlin

The Fountain of Friendship Amongst Peoples. - Berlin

Soviet soldier holding German child. - Berlin

Soviet soldier holding German child. - Berlin

Treptower Park.

We went to Treptower Park, which is in itself really quite a nice park, purely to see the Soviet War Memorial. The Soviet War Memorial was designed by architect Yakov Belopolsky to commemorate the Soviet soldiers who fell in the Battle of Berlin in 1945. It opened on May 8th, 1949. We walked through an archway adorned with hammer and sickle motives then arrived at a sculpture of Mother Russia weeping for the loss of her sons. Beyond Mother Russia there are two sculptures representing Soviet flags. In front of these stone flags there are two statues of kneeling soldiers. Next we came to a central area lined on both sides by 16 stone sarcophagi. These have carvings of military scenes and quotations by Joseph Stalin on them. 5000 soldiers of the Red Army are buried in this area. At the end of the central area stands a 12m tall statue of a Soviet soldier designed by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich. The Soviet soldier is brandishing a sword and cradling a German child while standing over a broken swastika. Personally I really adore Soviet style statues for some reason and I thought this was very well worth visiting.

Mother Russia weeping for her lost sons. - Berlin

Mother Russia weeping for her lost sons. - Berlin

Detail of the entrance arch. - Berlin

Detail of the entrance arch. - Berlin

Peter at the monument - Berlin

Peter at the monument - Berlin

Stone sarcophagus. - Berlin

Stone sarcophagus. - Berlin

Molecule Man.

Crossing the Spree River by train on our way to Treptower Park we noticed a giant sculpture which we later walked back to see. The sculpture is of three huge men, who looked to me like they were fighting each other, though apparently they are just running to each other. This sculpture is known as Molecule Man and was designed by American artist Jonathan Borofsky. The sculpture is made of aluminium and there are many holes in it symbolizing the molecules everything is made of. This sculpture is one of several Molecule Man sculptures; the others are in Los Angeles and Council Bluffs, Iowa.

Molecule Man. - Berlin

Molecule Man. - Berlin

Tempelhof Airport.

After visiting Treptower Park we went to Tempelhof Airport. The site which is now Tempelhof Airport was originally land belonging to the Knights Templar hence the name Tempelhof. Throughout its varied history this site has been used as a parade field by Prussian forces, then until World War I by unified German forces. In 1909 Orville Wright, made his first flight here. Tempelhof was chosen to be an airport by the Ministry of Transport in 1923 and its first terminal was constructed in 1927. In the mid 1930s the Nazi government began a massive expansion of Templehof in anticipation of increased air traffic. At the end of World War II Tempelhof's German commander, Oberst Rudolf Böttger, was supposed to blow the airport up. He refused and committed suicide. Soviet forces took over Tempelhof in the Battle of Berlin on the 28th and 29th of April 1945. Later following the Yalta Agreements, Berlin­Tempelhof was handed over to the United States Army in July 1945. In 1948, the Soviet authorities stopped all traffic by land and water into and out of the western ­controlled sectors of Berlin. This left only three 20 mile­wide air corridors as access routes into the city. The Western Powers used these air corridors above occupied Soviet territory to airlift in supplies for the next eleven months. This was known as the Berlin Airlift. There is a famous monument to this near the entrance to Tempelhof. With the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of Germany, the American forces left Berlin. Tempelhof Airport was used as a commercial airport until 2008 when it was closed. Instead of demolishing it, its field was used as a recreation site and its airport buildings have been preserved.

German eagles. - Berlin

German eagles. - Berlin

On the airfield. - Berlin

On the airfield. - Berlin

German eagles. - Berlin

German eagles. - Berlin

Monument to the Berlin Airlift. - Berlin

Monument to the Berlin Airlift. - Berlin

Checkpoint Charlie.

This site receives a lot of negative criticism, but I personally found it interesting to visit although it was very, very crowded. From 1961 to 1989 Checkpoint Charlie was the best­ known Berlin Wall crossing point between East and West Berlin. The Soviet side of the wall here, Checkpoint Friedrichstraße, had guard towers, cement barriers and a shed, but the guardhouse on the American side of the wall was just a small shack to show the wall would only be there temporarily. The main purpose of Checkpoint Charlie was to register and inform members of the Western Military Forces or tourists before they entered East Berlin. The crossing to East Berlin could be made on foot or by car. On November 9th, 1989 about 3000 West Berliners came to Checkpoint Charlie and several hundred East Berliners to Checkpoint Friedrichstraße to protest against the Berlin Wall. By midnight that night they had succeeded in getting the border opened after more than 28 years of division. The original guardhouse at Checkpoint Charlie is now on display at the Allied Museum in Berlin; a replica version has been installed on Friedrichstrasse, as have replica signs telling people they are now leaving the western sector of Berlin. Actors dressed up as allied military policemen pose with tourist in front of the checkpoint. There is also an open ­air exhibit along Zimmer and Friedrichstraße with texts and photographs about Checkpoint Charlie's history and a museum of the Berlin Wall.

Checkpoint Charlie - Berlin

Checkpoint Charlie - Berlin

Replica sign. - Berlin

Replica sign. - Berlin

Outside the Wall Museum. - Berlin

Outside the Wall Museum. - Berlin

Guard tower. - Berlin

Guard tower. - Berlin

Pose for a photo. - Berlin

Pose for a photo. - Berlin

Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church.

This was our second visit to this church. On our first visit in the early nineties I really did not like it, but this time for some reason I did . Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is located on the Kurfürstendamm. The original church was built in the 1890s. It was badly damaged in a bombing raid in 1943 and half of its spire is now missing. The damaged spire of the old church has been retained and its ground floor has been made into a memorial hall, because of the broken spire the church is nicknamed the broken tooth.

Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. - Berlin

Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. - Berlin

Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. - Berlin

Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. - Berlin

Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. - Berlin

Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. - Berlin

The Berlin Wall.

There is a fairly long stretch of the Berlin Wall still remaining along Bernauer Strasse. We went there on our way to Potsdam on our last full day in Berlin and to be honest I would have loved to have spent much longer than we did. Basically the Berlin Wall was really two walls with a no­-man's land in between and when we walked along Bernauer Strasse we were walking through no-­man's land. Long stretches of the East German side of the wall remain; iron poles mark the former site of the wall nearer the western side. Right in the middle of no-man's land stood the Reconciliation Chapel. The East Germans blew this up as a national embarrassment. Workers in the cemetery next to it stole and hid its cross from the authorities. Now a replacement church has been built. It is in a totally different style from the original. The hidden cross is now a memorial next to it. There is also a reconciliation statue and a few remains from the original church. Other points of interest in this area are markers showing the site of former escape tunnels and a double stretch of wall complete with its guard tower. There is a museum next to this from which you can overlook this site.

The Berlin Wall. - Berlin

The Berlin Wall. - Berlin

The Berlin Wall. - Berlin

The Berlin Wall. - Berlin

Old photo of standoff at the Berlin Wall. - Berlin

Old photo of standoff at the Berlin Wall. - Berlin

Cross from the top of the Reconciliation Chapel. - Berlin

Cross from the top of the Reconciliation Chapel. - Berlin

Reconciliation \Statue. - Berlin

Reconciliation \Statue. - Berlin

We also took a day trip out of Berlin to visit Potsdam.

Potsdam.

We decided to do a day trip to Potsdam from Berlin. I will not do a separate Potsdam page for it as we only went to the palace area leaving so much of Potsdam still to do on a future visit. Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg. It is situated on the River Havel, 24 kilometres southwest of Berlin. Potsdam was a residence of the Prussian kings and the German Kaiser, until 1918. The first place we looked at was the stunning University of Potsdam. This is opposite the New Palace which was also stunning except for the fact it was being renovated. From the New Palace we headed towards the Orangerie through the beautiful palace grounds. The Orangerie turned out to be a building site. Then we walked to Sanssouci Palace. This is best viewed from the terraces below it, close up on the outside it is very plain. After that we walked to the Chinese teahouse, then the spectacular Roman Baths and another Charlottenhof Castle. It was incredibly hot when we visited. We had intended to go to the centre of Potsdam, too but were too tired.

Potsdam University. - Berlin

Potsdam University. - Berlin

The New Palace. - Berlin

The New Palace. - Berlin

Sanssouci Palace. - Berlin

Sanssouci Palace. - Berlin

Detail of Chinese teahouse. - Berlin

Detail of Chinese teahouse. - Berlin

The Roman Baths. - Berlin

The Roman Baths. - Berlin

Posted by irenevt 23:31 Archived in Germany Comments (8)

Elegant Erfurt.

sunny

Fountain. - Erfurt

Fountain. - Erfurt

"A short stopover in Erfurt,"

Neither of us had ever actually heard of Erfurt but we had just visited Wurzburg and were on our way to Leipzig when my husband said let's break our journey in Erfurt and see what it is like, so we did. Luckily for us the station has very cheap lockers where you can leave luggage for a couple of hours for just one euro, plus directly across from the train station there is a tourist office where a very friendly and helpful lady supplied us with a map and guide. Erfurt turned out to be a beautiful place and our short visit did not do it full justice. I hope some day to revisit and see it all properly and at a more leisurely pace.

Reglerkirche in Erfurt. - Erfurt

Reglerkirche in Erfurt. - Erfurt

Erfurt is the capital of and largest city in Thuringia. It is home to around 400,000 people. Erfurt's old town was fortunate enough to survive World War II with very little damage. Tourist attractions in Erfurt include the Merchants' bridge, Erfurt Cathedral, Severikirche and Petersburg Citadel.

Erfurt became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1802. From 1949 until 1990 it was part of the German Democratic Republic. Martin Luther studied at Erfurt University from 1501. We felt like we were following Martin Luther around on this holiday though it was not intentional. The sociologist Max Weber was from Erfurt.

Fischmarkt.

We walked from the train station onto Marktstrasse which leads into the Fischmarkt. This is the spot where the city's old trade routes used to intersect. Fischmarkt has a statue of the knight Roland which dates from 1591. It is also home to the town hall and the guild hall. It is pretty and worth a look.

Fischmarkt - Erfurt

Fischmarkt - Erfurt

Fischmarkt - Erfurt

Fischmarkt - Erfurt

Fischmarkt - Erfurt

Fischmarkt - Erfurt

The Merchant's Bridge.

Feel free to call me an idiot if you want, but I walked across this bridge without realising it was a bridge. I would have noticed on the way back, but the road was all dug up so we returned via the bridge the same way as we came. As the bridge is lined everywhere with houses, you do not see the river when you are on it. Thus I have no beautiful photos showing the river. Oops!! The Merchants' Bridge or Krämerbrücke is a wonderful medieval bridge lined with half timbered buildings on both sides. These buildings are people's homes with shops and cafes downstairs. The bridge spans the Breitstrom part of the Gera River.

The Krämerbrücke. - Erfurt

The Krämerbrücke. - Erfurt

Peter on the Krämerbrücke  - Erfurt

Peter on the Krämerbrücke - Erfurt

Aegidienkirche at the end of the Krämerbrücke.  - Erfurt

Aegidienkirche at the end of the Krämerbrücke. - Erfurt

St. Severus Church and the Domplatz.

The cathedral and St. Severus Church took me by surprise. They are absolutely magnificent buildings. As we were only in Erfurt for a short time, we did not get the chance to go inside. St. Severus Church was first mentioned in 1121. It houses the tomb of St. Severus which dates from 1365. Erfurt Cathedral is also called Saint Mary's Cathedral. It was founded in 742 AD. It has three nineteenth century towers. One of which contains the largest bell in the world, the Maria Gloriosa.

St. Severus Church and the Domplatz - Erfurt

St. Severus Church and the Domplatz - Erfurt

St. Severus Church and the Domplatz - Erfurt

St. Severus Church and the Domplatz - Erfurt

The Dom Platz. - Erfurt

The Dom Platz. - Erfurt

St. Severus Church and the Domplatz - Erfurt

St. Severus Church and the Domplatz - Erfurt

Petersberg Citadel.

Petersberg Citadel is located on Saint Peter's Hill. It was built in the seventeenth century. Inside it stands Saint Peter's Church. I believe there is a network of tunnels under the citadel but we did not visit this. There are good views over Domplatz from here.

Petersberg Citadel - Erfurt

Petersberg Citadel - Erfurt

Doorway to Petersberg Citadel - Erfurt

Doorway to Petersberg Citadel - Erfurt

Citadel and view. - Erfurt

Citadel and view. - Erfurt

View towards cathedral and church. - Erfurt

View towards cathedral and church. - Erfurt

New Mill Museum.

Erfurt used to be a city of water mills. The New Mill is located on the banks of the River Gera. Apparently this was still a working mill used in the production of flour until 1982. After its closure it was converted into a museum in 1992. W e did not have time to visit the museum, but I thought the mill looked very attractive on the edge of the river.

The new mill museum. - Erfurt

The new mill museum. - Erfurt

Posted by irenevt 21:09 Archived in Germany Comments (3)

Lovely Leipzig

July 2016.

rain

Painting in the centre of Leipzig. - Leipzig

Painting in the centre of Leipzig. - Leipzig

"Lovely Leipzig."

I think I am a bit obsessed with Eastern Europe. I've already visited quite a lot of it. This summer we decided to concentrate on the former East Germany. I first heard of Leipzig when I was studying psychology at university as we learned about a famous psychologist, Wilhelm Wundt, who worked at Leipzig University. I remember trying to find out where Leipzig was and planning that I would visit it some day.

Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin - Leipzig

Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin - Leipzig

We arrived in Leipzig's huge modern train station,then took transport out to the Days Inn Hotel. This hotel is away from the centre, but this was not a problem as they gave us a free transport card for our whole stay. We visited Leipzig Opera House, Leipzig University, the gewandhaus, the new town hall, Saint Thomas's Church, the old town hall, the market place, the stasi museum, Saint Nicholaus's Church, the Monument to Nations and the Russian Church. I liked Leipzig and found it interesting to wander around.

The city centre. - Leipzig

The city centre. - Leipzig

Leipzig is the largest city Saxony. It has a population of around 570,000. It is located at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleisse, and Parthe rivers. Leipzig was an important trade city during the time of the Holy Roman Empire. It is situated at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, which were two very important Mediaeval trade routes. This city was once an important European centre of learning and culture especially in areas such as music and publishing. Leipzig became part of the German Democratic Republic after World War II.

The hotel we stayed in is reviewed below.

Peaceful Hotel: Days Inn, Leipzig Messe.

We got to this hotel by taking the s­bahn from Liepzig hauptbahnhof. A tram also runs past the hotel. This hotel is not central but we were given a pass for free public transport when we checked in. We made good use of this and were very happy with it. Near the hotel there are two supermarkets just a couple of minutes walk away. We also walked for about ten minutes to a nearby restaurant, Hotel Zum Absclepphof, on our first night and had a lovely meal there, much better than the meal we had in the city centre next day. Our room was in a separate building from the main hotel. It was clean, comfortable and very quiet. It did not have a safe, fridge or kettle. We did not eat breakfast at the hotel. We just purchased things from the nearby supermarket. I would stay here again due to the peacefulness and due to the free transport pass. Address: Seehausener Str. 29.

Our room. - Leipzig

Our room. - Leipzig

Here are some places we visited in Leipzig.

Augustusplatz.

Augustusplatz is the largest square in Leipzig. It was once the most beautiful, but having been flattened during World War II, it was rebuilt during Communist times in a strange mixture of styles rendering it strange but interesting. On this square can be found Leipzig's Opera House, the Gewandhaus or concert hall, the new Augusteum which is part of Leipzig University, the Kroch­Hochhaus with its restored bell tower, the City­ Hochhaus ­ tallest building in Leipzig and an ornate fountain. The Leipzig Opera was first established in 1693, making it the third oldest operatic venue in Europe, but the present Opera House was built in the 1960s in modern style. The Gewandhaus is a concert hall and is home to the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. The first concert hall was built here in 1781. The second was designed by Martin Gropius and opened in 1884. This was destroyed in World War II. The third Gewandhaus opened in 1981. Nowadays the Gewandhaus is very famous and hosts some of the world's most prestigious orchestras. The Mende Fountain is located in front of the Gewandhaus. It is the largest fountain in Leipzig. It was built by Adolf Gnauth in 1883­86 using money bequeathed to the city by Pauline Mende, a rich merchant's widow. Also on Augustusplatz can be found the City­Hochhaus. The City ­Hochhaus is a thirty-six storey skyscraper. At 142 m , it is the tallest building in Leipzig. It was designed by architect Hermann Henselmann and is supposed to look like an open book. It was built between 1968 and 1972. This building was once part of the University of Leipzig but is now owned by the U.S. investment bank Merrill Lynch. The Augusteum was the original site of the University of Leipzig. It was destroyed in the war and has been rebuilt in a modern style. The Kroch­Hochhaus was built as a bank in 1927. It was then the tallest building in Leipzig. It is built copying the style of the Torre dell Orologio clock tower in Saint Mark's Square, Venice.

The Opera House - Leipzig

The Opera House - Leipzig

Detail from the Gewandhaus. - Leipzig

Detail from the Gewandhaus. - Leipzig

Detail from the Mende Fountain - Leipzig

Detail from the Mende Fountain - Leipzig

The Kroch-hochhaus - Leipzig

The Kroch-hochhaus - Leipzig

The city-hochhaus and Augusteum - Leipzig

The city-hochhaus and Augusteum - Leipzig

The Kroch-hochhaus. - Leipzig

The Kroch-hochhaus. - Leipzig

The New Town Hall and City Hall.

We walked through the park behind the Gewandhaus to the New Town Hall and City Hall. The Town Hall was constructed a few years after the New City Hall, and the two buildings are connected by a bridge. Apparently it is possible to tour the tower of the New City Hall. This was built on the foundation of the tower of the old Pleißenburg Castle. It is the tallest city hall tower in Germany. Tours are scheduled from Monday to Friday at 11am and 2pm. Tours cost 3 euros. This building was quite nice though difficult to get a good photo of. When we reached it, the skies opened and it started to pour. This was to be the pattern of our stay: travelling days roasting hot, looking around days raining. At least it was cool enough for walking.

The new city hall. - Leipzig

The new city hall. - Leipzig

The new city hall. - Leipzig

The new city hall. - Leipzig

Saint Thomas's Church.

Truth be told this was the first site in Leipzig that I was impressed with. Saint Thomas's Church is most famous for having had Johann Sebastian Bach as its Kapellmeister in charge of the choir from 1723 until his death in 1750. Bach is buried inside this church, though he was not originally. His remains were brought here after the destruction of his first resting place, the Leipzig Johanneskirche, in World War II. There is a statue of him outside and a museum to him opposite the church. There has been a church at this site since the twelfth century. Protestant reformer Martin Luther preached here on Pentecost Sunday in 1539. The church is now a Lutheran church. We seemed to be somewhere Martin Luther had been everywhere we went in eastern Germany.

Saint Thomas's Church. - Leipzig

Saint Thomas's Church. - Leipzig

Bach Museum - Leipzig

Bach Museum - Leipzig

Bach's grave - Leipzig

Bach's grave - Leipzig

Bach statue. - Leipzig

Bach statue. - Leipzig

The Old City Hall and Market.

Leipzig's Old City Hall was built on the foundations of an earlier town hall in 1556. This building includes a ballroom, which has been used for, among other things, the royal festivals of Saxon's princes and student balls. It has also been used as a court. Since 1909 the Old City Hall has been Leipzig's Museum of City History. There is a lively and colourful market outside the Old City Hall.

Market Stall - Leipzig

Market Stall - Leipzig

The Old City Hall. - Leipzig

The Old City Hall. - Leipzig

The Stasi Museum: Museum Runde Ecke (Round Corner).

I am not normally a fan of museums, but I wanted to see this one about the East German Secret Police ­ the Stasi . This museum is located in a building known as the Runde Ecke or Round Corner which was the former headquarters of the Stasi. All the exhibits were explained in German. It was possible to hire headphones for English commentary for 4 euros. The displays dealt with surveillance techniques and propoganda. There was a replica of a former prison cell. It was also possible to look in the former headquarters next to the museum which had an exhibition about youth subcultures and how they were suppressed under communism.

Emblem of the Stasi - Leipzig

Emblem of the Stasi - Leipzig

Prison Cell - Leipzig

Prison Cell - Leipzig

Art work on the wall. - Leipzig

Art work on the wall. - Leipzig

St Nicholaus Church: Nikolaikirche.

Saint Nicholas Church is one of the major churches of central Leipzig. Work on building it first began in 1165. Johann Sebastian Bach was the music director of Nikolaikirch, as well as of St. Thomas Church, from 1723 to 17­50. In 1989 peaceful protests against communism known as the Monday Demonstrations were held here. These helped bring about the end of the communist regime in East Germany.

Musicians outside Saint Nicholaus Church. - Leipzig

Musicians outside Saint Nicholaus Church. - Leipzig

St Nicholaus Church - Leipzig

St Nicholaus Church - Leipzig

Inside the church - Leipzig

Inside the church - Leipzig

Old photo showing the church was open to all. - Leipzig

Old photo showing the church was open to all. - Leipzig

Monument of the Battle of Nations: Völkerschlachtdenkmal.

We went here on the s­bahn as it is a little out of the centre of Leipzig. The Monument to the Battle of the Nations, Völkerschlachtdenkmal, commemorates the 1813 Battle of Leipzig in which Napoleon and his armies were defeated. The monument was completed in 1913 in time for the 100th anniversary of the battle. It cost 6 million Goldmarks to build. The monument is 91 metres high and towers over a reflective pool. There are apparently good views from the top. We did not pay to go in. The monument stands where some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle took place. Both my husband I said the monument reminded us of our visit to Angkor Wat in Cambodia due to its shape.

Völkerschlachtdenkmal - Leipzig

Völkerschlachtdenkmal - Leipzig

Völkerschlachtdenkmal - Leipzig

Völkerschlachtdenkmal - Leipzig

Völkerschlachtdenkmal - Leipzig

Völkerschlachtdenkmal - Leipzig

Detail of Völkerschlachtdenkmal. - Leipzig

Detail of Völkerschlachtdenkmal. - Leipzig

View from as high as we went. - Leipzig

View from as high as we went. - Leipzig

The Russian Memorial Church: St. Alexej.

We came here by tram from the Völkerschlachtdenkmal and with our impeccable timing arrived just as it was closing, so did not get to see inside. The church was beautiful from the outside and was of an unusual design for a Russian Church. The Russian troops of Alexander I also fought in the 1813 Battle of Nations against Napoleon. This church was built to commemorate the 22,000 Russian soldiers who died in this battle. It was built in 1912.

The Russian Memorial Church - Leipzig

The Russian Memorial Church - Leipzig

The Russian Memorial Church - Leipzig

The Russian Memorial Church - Leipzig

Goethe.

Favorite thing: Johann Wolfgang Goethe was born on the 28 August 1749, so I am writing this on his birthday. He lived until the 22nd of March 1832. Goethe was a German writer and statesman. He studied law at the university of Leipzig. There is a statue of him behind the Old City Hall building . In his most famous work ­ Faust­ Mephistopheles takes Faust to Auerbach's Cellar, the best known and second oldest restaurant in Leipzig. There are statues celebrating characters from Faust in the Mädlerpassage near the Old Dity Hall. The Auerbach Keller Restaurant is downstairs in this building.

Faust statue - Leipzig

Faust statue - Leipzig

Goethe statue - Leipzig

Goethe statue - Leipzig

Restaurant sign. - Leipzig

Restaurant sign. - Leipzig

We had our best meal in Liepzig in the restaurant below.

Hotel Zum Abschlepphof: Lovely Meal.

We did not stay in this hotel. We walked here from our hotel ­ The Days Inn Leipzig Messe for dinner. The restaurant serves traditional German food. I had champignon schitzel, with potato croquettes and my husband had wiener schnitzel with roast potatoes. Both were delicious and portions were very large. This restaurant serves excellent draft beers, too.

Posted by irenevt 20:17 Archived in Germany Comments (0)

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